Geography of Nepal

Latitude 26 0 12’ and 30 0 27’ North.
Longitude 80 0 4’ and 88 0 12’ East
Topography The world’s deepest gorge Kali Gandaki to the Highest point on earth Mt.Everest’ 8,848 m
Vegetation Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding biodiversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical rain forests to alpine terrain.
Seasons Winter (Dec- Feb), Summer (Mar-May), Monsoon (Jun-Aug), Autumn (Sep-Nov)
The monsoon mostly occurs at night, days are often clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans-Himalayan zone is rain-shadowed making it ideal for trekking during the monsoon season.
Literacy rate 53.7% (as of 2005)
Per Capita Income USD 237.00 per person per year
Area 1,47,181 sq km
Length 885 km
Width 193 km
Capital/ Main City Kathmandu
Population 27,676,547 ( with 85.8% living in rural areas) “The world fact book Jul 2005”
Government Democratic, Multi party democracy / ongoing process as of June 2006 / constituent assembly being seriously considered.
Time GMT+ 5 and 3 quarter hrs.
Religion Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim
Power 220 volts AC, in large lowland towns
Agriculture Rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops, milk
Major Trading Nations India , U.S.A. , Germany , China , UAE, Singapore .
Industries Tourism, carpet , textile, rice, jute, sugar, oilseed mills, cigarette production, cement and brick production.
Languages Nepali 58% (official language), Newari 3% (mainly in Kathmandu ), Indian languages 20% (mainly in Terai).
National Bird Impean Pheasent
National Animal Cow.
National Flower Rhododendron (Arboretum)
London Time 5 hours 45 minutes.
Sydney time - 3 hours 15 minutes
Hawai Time + 15 hours 45 minutes.
Tokyo Time - 2 hours 15 minutes.
New Delhi Time + 15 minutes.


Nepal is situated between the great civilisations of India and Tibet. A landlocked country it has some of the most diverse topography in the world, rising from almost sea level in the south to the highest point on earth within a distance of less than two hundred kms. A land extremely rich in exotic vegetation, the hills are covered with huge numbers of plants, flowers and trees. Pleasant rural villages are linked by paths and ancient trade routes through paddy fields, forested hills, alpine meadows up to yak pastures and mountain moraine..

The country is situated along the central section of the Great Himalayas, eight of the world’s fourteen highest mountains including Mount Everest (29128ft / 8,8848m) are found here. The country can be divided into three distinct regions. The southern lowland (Terai Region) has a hot and tropical Indian climate, it is a rich alluvial plain and the major farming area of Nepal. The central region (Middle Hills) is formed by deep valleys where the land continues to push northward, it has a cooler sub-tropical climate and serves as the base for organising most tourist activities in Nepal. The northern region (Himalayan region) has an alpine climate with little vegetation growing over 4500m.

Nepal Geographical Map

Middle hills in Nepal

Terai Region of Nepal occupies 17% of the total land in Nepal, altitude ranges from 53 to 305m, width from north to south ranges from 26 to 32 kms. The region being flat is perhaps not surprisingly the most developed part of Nepal, it is basically a rich alluvial plain with well stocked farming land which is fed by the waters of the high Himalaya which lie 90 miles to the north. It is the main farming region in Nepal providing much produce for the rest of the country. Rice, maize, jute, tea, tobbacco and sugarcane along with a variety of fruits are all grown here for export to the major cities and towns. Natural vegetation is mainly consists of Sal and Riverine forest

The Tharu people are the major ethnic group of the Terai, their religious practices differ a lot from most other Nepali groups. Many still practice a form of Aminism (the worship of animal spirits), they are well known for thier colourful ceremonies. The region contains many of the natural reserves within Nepal. A vast array of wildlife including the famous One Horned Rhino and The Royal Bengal Tiger, over 43 species of mammals and over 500 species of birds have been recorded to date. The region begins to rise northwards to reach the Churiya hills which border the south of the Central Region (Middle Hills),

Middle hills in Nepal

Middle hills in Nepal are sandwiched between the Terai and the Nepal Himalaya, they cover a further 68% of the total landmass of Nepal, altitude ranges from 610 metres to 1524 metres. The middle hills are a series of small ranges that lie directly south of the High Himalaya.

Kathmandu and Pokhara are situated here, along with many of the lower altitude treks. Kathmandu is an ideal base to organise group tours, it also provides a tremendous opportunity to discover the rich cultural heritage the middle hills provides. The Newars are the main ethnic group in Kathmandu, a tribe of mixed Mongal decent, many still follow strict daily routines where each stage in life is marked with tradition and colourful ceremony. Pokhara, situated 200 kms west of Kathmanu, responds with its outstanding beauty. Set around the beautiful Lake Phewa, it has argueably the finest mountain view in the World.

Himalayan Region of Nepal

Himalayan Region of Nepal accounts for the remaining 15% of land in Nepal. Altitude ranges from the snow line at around 4877 metres to 8848 metres. The region contains 10 of the 14 highest mountains on earth, each over of 8000 metres.

It is a cold and very sparse in vegetation with little plant life surviving above 4800 mtrs. The plants that do survive are often some of the most interesting species to be found in Nepal.

The Nepal Himalaya is perhaps most known for the Everest region, an area made famous by the main ethnic group (Sherpas). They are hardy people who travelled south from Tibet over 500 years ago. Many still practice pasture farming, leading yaks up and down the mountain, depending on the season. The is Yak a means of transportation it also produces fatty milk which is a rich source of protein, ideal for the harsh climate. Yak hair is also woven for cloth, the hide used for clothes, mats or blankets.

Many Sherpas make their living by tourism nowadays. They act as the backbone for mountain expeditions where their stamina and familiarity with the region make sure they have no rivals when it comes to high altitude.

Mountains Over 8000 m t.

S.N. Mountain over 8000mt. in Nepal Height in meters(m)
01 Sagarmatha ( Mt. Everest ) 8848
02 Kanchanjuga 8598
03 Lhotse 8516
04 Makalu 8463
05 Cho-Oyu NEC Travels in Kathmandu. 8201
06 Dhaualgiri 8167
07 Manaslu NEC Travels in Kathmandu. 8163
08 Annapurna I 8091
09 Kanchenjunga South 8476
10 Lhotse Shar 8400
Nepal Mountains Map

Mountains in Nepal

Kumbhakarna :7710m Nepal Peak : 7168m Pathibhara : 7123m
Ama Dablam : 6812m Pumori : 7161m Gaurishankar : 
Dorjelakpa : 6699m Langtang Ri : 7225m Himalchuli : 7893m
Ratnachuli : 7126m Annapurna 2 nd : 7937m Annapurna III : 7755m
Annapurna IV : 7525m Annapurna South : 7219m Api Himal : 7132m
Api West : 7100m Barun Tse : 7129m Dhaulagiri II : 7751m
Dhaulagiri III : 7715m Dhaulagiri IV : 7661m Dahulagiri V : 7618m
Dhaulagiri VI : 7668m Ganesh Himal I : 7429 m Ganesh Himal II : 7111m
Ganesh Himal III : 7110m Khang Sar Kang : 7485m Gyachung Kang : 7952m
Ganesh Himal IV : 7052m Gangapurna : 7455m Himalchuli East : 7893m
Himalchuli North : 7371m Himalchuli West : 7540m Kumbhakarna(Jannu) : 7710m
Langtang Lirung : 7234m Makalu II : 7678m Manaslu North : 7157m
Nilgiri North : 6839m Nuptse : 7855m Peak 29 : 7871m
Dhampus : 6012m Pathivara : 7125m PasangLhamuChuli : 735m
Kangbachen : 7903m Ngojumbakang : 7743m Putha Hiunchuli : 7246m
Saipal : 7031m Shantishikhar : 7591m Tilicho Peak : 7134m
Shartse Peak : 7459m Tarke Kang : 7193m Varaha Shikhar : 7647m
Gimigela Chuli : 7350m Gyajikang : 7038m Himlung Himal : 7126m
Janak Himal : 7090m Sharphu I : 7070m Palung Ri : 7012m
Talung Himal : 7349m Domekhan : 7264m Ratnachuli : 7128m
Himjung : 7140m Gueja Himal : 7193m Tent Peak : 7385m
Langtang Ri : 7205m Jongsang Peak : 7483m Chamer : 7187m
Tukuche Peak : 6920m Tawoche Peak : 650m Thamsherku : 6230m
Lamjung : 6983m Arniko Chuli : 6034m Kanjiroba : 6883m
Kanjirowa : 6557m Kunde Himal : 6883m Gorkha Himal :6088m
Asaituppa Himal : 6256m Nilgiri South : 7061m Nilgiri Central : 6940m
Machhapuchhre (Fishtail) : 6993m    

Peaks authorizerd fo climbing by Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA) Group 'A'

Cholaste 6440m Machermo 6273m Kyazo Ri 6186m
Phari Lapcha 6017m Nirekha 6159m Langsisa Ri 6427m
Ombigaichen 6340m Bokta 6143m Chekigo 6257m
Lobuje West 6145m Larkya Peak 6010m Abi 6097m
Yubra Himal 6035m Chukung Ri 5550m Yala Peak 5732m

Group 'B'         Travel agency in Kathmandu : An excellent travel agent in Nepal.

Hiunchuli 6441m Singu Chuli 6501m MeraPeak 6654m
Kusum Kangaru 6367m Kwangde 6011m ChuluWest 6420m
Chulu East 6558m Island Peak 6160m Pharmacho Peak 6187m
Lobuje Peak 6119m Ramdung Peak 5925m Pisang Peak 6091m
Tent Peak 5663m Mehra Peak 5849m Naya Kanga 5844m
Pokhalde Himal 5806m Mardi Himal 5587m Paldor Peak 5896m

Info: All Climbers should be careful during climbing time with the following

AMS , Avalanches , Falling rocks , Frostnip ,Crevasse falls , Infections, Falls ,Dehydration , Lost tents, Pneumonia , Wind At 8600 m / 27000 ft, Without, oxygen, headeche . ]

Expedition Royalty in US$ Effective From 1992, Autumn

Classification including up to: Expedition for 7 members: Additional member:

Peak Height in metre(m) Price in US$ Additional Member Price in US$
Peaks above 8000 10000.00 1500..00
7501– 8000 4000.00 500.00
7001- 7500 3000.00 400.00
6501- 7000 2000.00 300.00
Peaks below 6501 1500.00 200.00

Garbage Deposit for Khumbu Area (Mount Everest)

Mt. Everest: USD 4000.00
Peaks above 8000 metres: USD 3000.00.
All peaks less than 8000 metres: USD 2000.00.

A Brief Fact Sheet of Mount Everest As of 2006

Definition of Mt. Everest A mountain in the central Himalayas on the border of Tibet and Nepal ; the highest mountain peak in the world.
Nepali Name Sagarmatha (which means Goddess of the sky)
Tibetan Name Jhomolungma (which means mother Goddess of the Universe)
Height 8848 meters or 29,029 ft
Location On the border between Nepal and Tibet , where all of the worlds 10 higest mountains are found.
Longitude 86º55’40" E
Latitude  NEC Travels & Tours in Nepal. Latitude 270 45’ N and 280 0’ N and longitude 800 30’ E and 870 0’ E in the Solukhumbhu District of Sagarmatha Zone of Nepal
Local People Sherpas and Tibetan
Best Travel agency in Kathmandu, Best Travel agent in Nepal.
Summit Record Holders :  Travel agent in Kathmandu , Travel agency in Nepal .
Longest stay on top Babu Chiri Sherpa, who stayed at the summit for twenty one and half hours.
First Climbers Tenzing Norgay Sherpa from Nepal and  Sir Edmund Percival Hillary from New Zealand , on 5/29/1953 via the South-East Ridge Route
First Nepali Women to Climb Pasang Lhamu Sherpa, on April 22nd, 1993
One of the best climbers Nepali, Apa Sherpa, climbed Everest 11 times.
Fastest Ascent Babu Chhiri Sherpa on June 21 2000 , ascent from south side Hans Kammerlander May 24,1996 , ascent from north side
Youngest Climber Nepali, Temba Tsheri Sherpa , Age 15 on May 22, 2001
First Women Climber In 1975 - The first woman to summit Everest was Junko Tabei, a Japanese lady, who reached the summit via the South-East Ridge route.
Oldest Person to Climb Japanese climber Yuichiro Miura, 2003
Oldest Women to Climb         (Polish lady)  Anna Czerwinska ( POLISH )known for being the oldest woman to Summit Everest (at the time) at the age of 50 (born 7/10/49 climbed Everest from Nepal side on 5/22/2000), Born 7/10/49: Summits, Nanga Parbat (7/15/85), Broad Peak-Rocky Summit (6/30/83), Everest (5/22/2000), Shishapangma-Central ? or Main ( 10/6/2000 ), Lhotse ( 5/21/2001 ) and Cho Oyu ( 9/25/2001 ).
Largest Group to reach the summit 50 people on May 2002
First Couple to ever get married on the summit Nepalese Mona Mulepati and Pem Dorje Sherpa on May 30th 2005
Number of Mount Everest Climbers So Far About 1,500 men and women from 64 nations

Source: Nepal Vista

First Ascent on 8000m Peaks in Nepal

Peak Name Date Climbers Country
Mt. Everest May 29th, 1953 Edmund Hillary/Tenzing Norgay UK/Nepal
Annapurna I June 3rd, 1950 Maurice Herzog/Louis Lanchenat France
Makalu May 15th, 1955 Jean Couzy/Lionel Terray France
Manaslu May 9th, 1956 Toshio Imanishi/Gyalzen Norbu Japan/Nepal
Kanchenjunga May 25th, 1956 George Band/Joe Brown UK
Dhaualagiri May 13th, 1960 Peter/K.Diemberger/Diener/A.Schelbert/Nawang Switz/Nepal
Cho Oyo Oct 19th, 1954 Jopsef Joechler/Herbeit Tichy Austria

May 18th, 1956

Fritz Luchsinger/Ernst Reiss Switzerland