Tour ! National parks in Nepal
! Jungle safari in Nepal
Tappu Wildlife Reserve
Area: 175 sq. km.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies on the
flood plains of the Sapta-Koshi in Saptari
and Sunsari Districts of Eastern Nepal. The
reserve is defined by the eastern and western
embankments of the river.
Rapid and complete flood inundation of the reserve
to depths ranging from 10 to 300 cm. occurs
during the monsoon. The Sapta-Koshi river
also changes its course from one season to another.
The vegetation is mainly tall khar-pater grassland
with a few patched of khair-sissoo scrub forest
and deciduous mixed riverine forest.
The reserve offers an important habitat for
a variety of wildlife. The last surviving
population (about 100 individuals) of wild buffalo
or arna are found here. Other mammals are the
hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer, and blue
The reserve also assists the local economy
by providing fishing permits and allowing
the collection of edible fruits and ferns in
A total of 280 different species of birds
have been recorded in the reserve. These
include 2 species of ducks, 2 species of ibises,
many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered
swamp partridges and Bengal floricans.
The Koshi barrage is extremely important as
a resting place for migratory birds. Many species
recorded here are not seen elsewhere in Nepal.
The endangered gharial crocodile and Gangetic
dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi